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Thursday, April 30, 2009

The House: Situation and Arrangement

From the beginning it must be understood that what is written here applies chiefly to country homes. The general principles laid down are applicable with equal force to town or city life; but as a people we dwell mostly in the country, and, even in villages or small towns, each house is likely to have its own portion of land about it, and to look toward all points of the compass, instead of being limited to two, as in city blocks. Of the comparative advantages or disadvantages of city or country life, there is no need to speak here. Our business is simply to give such details as may apply to both, but chiefly to the owners of moderate incomes, or salaried people, whose expenditure must always be somewhat limited. With the exterior of such homes, women at present have very little to do; and the interior also is thus far much in the hands of architects, who decide for general prettiness of effect, rather than for the most convenient arrangement of space. The young bride, planning a home, is resolved upon a bay-window, as large a parlor as possible, and an effective spare-room; but, having in most cases no personal knowledge of work, does not consider whether kitchen and dining-room are conveniently planned, or not, and whether the arrangement of pantries and closets is such that both rooms must be crossed a hundred times a day, when a little foresight might have reduced the number certainly by one-half, perhaps more.

Inconvenience can, in most cases, be remedied; but unhealthfulness or unwholesomeness of location, very seldom: and therefore, in the beginning, I write that ignorance is small excuse for error, and that every one able to read at all, or use common-sense about any detail of life, is able to form a judgment of what is healthful or unhealthful. If no books are at hand, consult the best physician near, and have his verdict as to the character of the spot in which more or less of your life in this world will be spent, and which has the power to affect not only your mental and bodily health, but that of your children. Because your fathers and mothers have been neglectful of these considerations, is no reason why you should continue in ignorance; and the first duty in making a home is to consider earnestly and intelligently certain points.

Four essentials are to be thought of in the choice of any home; and their neglect, and the ignorance which is the foundation of this neglect, are the secret of not only the chronic ill-health supposed to be a necessity of the American organization, but of many of the epidemics and mysterious diseases classed under the head of "visitations of Providence."

These essentials are: a wholesome situation, good ventilation, good drainage, and a dry cellar. Rich or poor, high or low, if one of these be disregarded, the result will tell, either on your own health or on that of your family. Whether palace or hut, brown-stone front or simple wooden cottage, the law is the same. As a rule, the ordinary town or village is built upon low land, because it is easier to obtain a water-supply from wells and springs. In such a case, even where the climate itself may be tolerably healthy, the drainage from the hills at hand, or the nearness of swamps and marshes produced by the same cause, makes a dry cellar an impossibility; and this shut-in and poisonous moisture makes malaria inevitable. The dwellers on low lands are the pill and patent-medicine takers; and no civilized country swallows the amount of tonics and bitters consumed by our own.

If possible, let the house be on a hill, or at least a rise of ground, to secure the thorough draining-away of all sewage and waste water. Even in a swampy and malarious country, such a location will insure all the health possible in such a region, if the other conditions mentioned are faithfully attended to.

Let the living-rooms and bedrooms, as far as may be, have full sunshine during a part of each day; and reserve the north side of the house for store-rooms, refrigerator, and the rooms seldom occupied. Do not allow trees to stand so near as to shut out air or sunlight; but see that, while near enough for beauty and for shade, they do not constantly shed moisture, and make twilight in your rooms even at mid-day. Sunshine is the enemy of disease, which thrives in darkness and shadow. Consumption or scrofulous disease is almost inevitable in the house shut in by trees, whose blinds are tightly closed lest some ray of sunshine fade the carpets; and over and over again it has been proved that the first conditions of health are, abundant supply of pure air, and free admission of sunlight to every nook and cranny. Even with imperfect or improper food, these two allies are strong enough to carry the day for health; and, when the three work in harmony, the best life is at once assured.

If the house must be on the lowlands, seek a sandy or gravelly soil; and avoid those built over clay beds, or even where clay bottom is found under the sand or loam. In the last case, if drainage is understood, pipes may be so arranged as to secure against any standing water; but, unless this is done, the clammy moisture on walls, and the chill in every closed room, are sufficient indication that the conditions for disease are ripe or ripening. The only course in such case, after seeking proper drainage, is, first, abundant sunlight, and, second, open fires, which will act not only as drying agents, but as ventilators and purifiers. Aim to have at least one open fire in the house. It is not an extravagance, but an essential, and economy may better come in at some other place.

Having settled these points as far as possible,—the question of water-supply and ventilation being left to another chapter,—it is to be remembered that the house is not merely a place to be made pleasant for one's friends. They form only a small portion of the daily life; and the first consideration should be: Is it so planned that the necessary and inevitable work of the day can be accomplished with the least expenditure of force? North and South, the kitchen is often the least-considered room of the house; and, so long as the necessary meals are served up, the difficulties that may have hedged about such serving are never counted. At the South it is doubly so, and necessarily; old conditions having made much consideration of convenience for servants an unthought-of thing. With a throng of unemployed women and children, the question could only be, how to secure some small portion of work for each one; and in such case, the greater the inconveniences, the more chance for such employment. Water could well be half a mile distant, when a dozen little darkies had nothing to do but form a running line between house and spring; and so with wood and kindling and all household necessities.

To-day, with the old service done away with once for all, and with a set of new conditions governing every form of work, the Southern woman faces difficulties to which her Northern or Western sister is an utter stranger; faces them often with a patience and dignity beyond all praise, but still with a hopelessness of better things, the necessary fruit of ignorance. Old things are passed away, and the new order is yet too unfamiliar for rules to have formulated and settled in any routine of action. While there is, at the North, more intuitive and inherited sense of how things should be done, there is on many points an almost equal ignorance, more especially among the cultivated classes, who, more than at any period of woman's history, are at the mercy of their servants. Every science is learned but domestic science. The schools ignore it; and, indeed, in the rush toward an early graduation, there is small room for it.

"She can learn at home," say the mothers. "She will take to it when her time comes, just as a duck takes to water," add the fathers; and the matter is thus dismissed as settled.

In the mean time the "she" referred to—the average daughter of average parents in both city and country—neither "learns at home," nor "takes to it naturally," save in exceptional cases; and the reason for this is found in the love, which, like much of the love given, is really only a higher form of selfishness. The busy mother of a family, who has fought her own way to fairly successful administration, longs to spare her daughters the petty cares, the anxious planning, that have helped to eat out her own youth; and so the young girl enters married life with a vague sense of the dinners that must be, and a general belief that somehow or other they come of themselves. And so with all household labor. That to perform it successfully and skillfully, demands not only training, but the best powers one can bring to bear upon its accomplishment, seldom enters the mind; and the student, who has ended her course of chemistry or physiology enthusiastically, never dreams of applying either to every-day life.

This may seem a digression; and yet, in the very outset, it is necessary to place this work upon the right footing, and to impress with all possible earnestness the fact, that Household Science holds every other science in tribute, and that only that home which starts with this admission and builds upon the best foundation the best that thought can furnish, has any right to the name of "home." The swarms of drunkards, of idiots, of insane, of deaf and dumb, owe their existence to an ignorance of the laws of right living, which is simply criminal, and for which we must be judged; and no word can be too earnest, which opens the young girl's eyes to the fact that in her hands lie not alone her own or her husband's future, but the future of the nation. It is hard to see beyond one's own circle; but if light is sought for, and there is steady resolve and patient effort to do the best for one's individual self, and those nearest one, it will be found that the shadow passes, and that progress is an appreciable thing.

Begin in your own home. Study to make it not only beautiful, but perfectly appointed. If your own hands must do the work, learn every method of economizing time and strength. If you have servants, whether one or more, let the same laws rule. It is not easy, I admit; no good thing is: but there is infinite reward for every effort. Let no failure discourage, but let each one be only a fresh round in the ladder all must climb who would do worthy work; and be sure that the end will reward all pain, all self-sacrifice, and make you truly the mistresses of the home for which every woman naturally and rightfully hopes, but which is never truly hers till every shade of detail in its administration has been mastered.

The house, then, is the first element of home to be considered and studied; and we have settled certain points as to location and arrangement. This is no hand-book of plans for houses, that ground being thoroughly covered in various books,—the titles of two or three of which are given in a list of reference-books at the end. But, whether you build or buy, see to it that your kitchens and working-rooms are well lighted, well aired, and of good size, and that in the arrangement of the kitchen especially, the utmost convenience becomes the chief end. Let sink, pantries, stove or range, and working-space for all operations in cooking, be close at hand. The difference between a pantry at the opposite end of the room, and one opening close to the sink, for instance, may seem a small matter; but when it comes to walking across the room with every dish that is washed, the steps soon count up as miles, and in making even a loaf of bread, the time and strength expended in gathering materials together would go far toward the thorough kneading, which, when added to the previous exertion, makes the whole operation, which might have been only a pleasure, a burden and an annoyance.

Let, then, stove, fuel, water, work-table, and pantries be at the same end of the kitchen, and within a few steps of one another, and it will be found that while the general labor of each day must always be the same, the time required for its accomplishment will be far less, under these favorable conditions. The successful workman,—the type-setter, the cabinet-maker, or carpenter,—whose art lies in the rapid combination of materials, arranges his materials and tools so as to be used with the fewest possible movements; and the difference between a skilled and unskilled workman is not so much the rate of speed in movement, as in the ability to make each motion tell. The kitchen is the housekeeper's workshop; and, in the chapter on House-work, some further details as to methods and arrangements will be given.

Taken from:

Adapted to Domestic Use or Study in Classes

Copyright 1903

Wednesday, April 29, 2009

End Time Pilgrim

Although much of the Western Pastors and Churches promote the rapture before the seven year tribulation there is a group of people who are willing to believe in the rapture during or after the seven year tribulation. I personally am more likely to lean towards the rapture during or after the seven year tribulation. Although I do not dislike any Christian who seeks after pre-tribulation rapture.....in fact I know many of them are very knowledgeable of the word of God, I do see the sincerity in both views and I believe it is not something that should be argued over among Christians. Rather it is more important to spread the news that Jesus died and rose for our sins.

Here is a website devoted to this topic of tribulation and rapture.

We must be ready for we know not the day nor the hour.......

Thoughts for enjoying this day.....

Job 26:2-3 How hast thou helped him that is without power? how savest thou the arm that hath no strength? (3) How hast thou counselled him that hath no wisdom? and how hast thou plentifully declared the thing as it is?

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

Thoughts on Earth Day

Isaiah 66
1 “Heaven is my throne,” says ADONAI, “and the earth is my footstool. What kind of house could you build for me? What sort of place could you devise for my rest? 2 Didn’t I myself make all these things?

Since the earth is God's footstool that must mean it gets pretty dirty when Adonai walks through the mud ;)

Modesty, headcoverings and the controversy

This is a comment I left on veiled glory's blog. Although I have not discussed such "controversial" subjects as wearing dresses and head coverings in the midst of our modern and "educated" society on this blog as of yet, I hope to do so very soon. I made the switch about a year and 1/4 ago and the results of social ostracism and the "loony" look are somewhat startling.... I think it is strange how so many people know the phrase....don't judge a book by its cover.....but yet they continue to do so with or without their apparent understanding of the scripture.

The comment is as follows:

"I too have received "the look". For about a year and 1/4 I have been wearing dresses and coverings. Although some of the coverings I wear are not as apparent or of "a different religion," I know exactly what it feels like to be seen as strange or odd in some way and even loony because I choose not to dress like the rest of our jeans and sweat shirt society.

I have even received a bout of criticism from my own family and they apparently refuse to assist me while my husband is on unemployment and I am the only one working. They feel "the government programs" can help me out. Talk about judgment of someone on the outside rather than on the inside...... Furthermore, I think this partly has to do with the fact that we are choosing not to send our son to public school.

I know what it feels like to be rejected for a piddly piece of cloth on ones head. One never knows how much controversy that can stir up....."

Sunday, April 19, 2009

List of Medicinal Herbs to grow

Based on the book, The Green Pharmacy, here is a list of herbs that can easily be grown in the home or garden. Of course these herbs can also be used for culinary, scent and household purposes too.

Indoor Herbs:

Outdoor Herbs:
Lemon balm
Mountain mint
St. John's Wort
Wild yam

For information on how to preserve herbs the link here tells you how.

Living on 600$ a month.

So the result is back, my husband will not be receiving the unemployment income he was expecting. I am still working at the local nursing home as a nursing assistant part time however. Unfortunately the "money hungry" nursing home where I work is NOT sympathetic at all simply because it is filled with "feminist" 40 hr. work week type women. This gives us about 600 $ a month to live on. We have lived off of this kind of income before so it is nothing new to us.....although it was very upsetting to know that my husband would not be receiving the unemployment income from the former place he worked. However, this time we were some what more prepared because we had saved up a little money in savings.....about 1000$.

As I mentioned earlier that we would be moving. Instead plans have changed. My husband's mother found several people who would be willing to pitch in a little money to help us overcome the monthly rental payment. That being said, we expect to only pay other monthly bills and debt which includes electricity, cellphone, internet/cable, tithe, one credit card, accident health insurance (approx 30$) and for sure tithe (60$ per month). So the total monthly bills comes to about 300$ if minimum payments are made. The remaining 300$ we will be using for needed items.

During this time if we feel we need an item of clothing we will be hitting the garage sales. I can expect to find tops and bottoms for around 0.50 when I am lucky. Also if my ds needs clothing I can also find many pieces of clothing at the garage sales. Furthermore I have many children's patterns and pieces of cloth and yarn on hand to stitch up a few neat outfits.

For food, we have on supply several canned food items which could last us a couple of weeks or so. But my husband, being a picky eater, is not likely to submit to eating leftovers for several meals in a row.....so I need to be creative and ensure that food is rationed enough so that very little is wasted at this time. Also, not only do we have several canned items on hand, we also have a 25 lb bag of flour that can meet much of our bread making needs. With a 10 lb bag of potatoes and frozen vegetables we should be ok when it comes to getting nutrition in our diet.

When we lived off of very little income before we were able to pick up our meal ideas from this very handy menu plan and shopping list. I especially enjoy the breakfast ideas. Although my husband does not eat breakfast on a regular basis, it is nice to know that I can simply take a favorite breakfast and exchange it for a not so well liked lunch or supper plan.

For things such as gas and cosmetic needs.....well, I know that vinegar and baking soda do well as household cleaners and hair products for keeping ones hair looking clean and neat. Gas can be minimalized during this season because work is less than one block away. If we feel we need to take a trip to the grocery store or other down-town businesses I can simply walk instead of taking the car. My ds loves to go for a stroler ride on any nice day.

Not only that, but we are looking forward to vegetables from our garden as the season comes upon us. I know that we should't be receiving any produce until about June, it is nice to know that something will be there.

And most of all during these tough economic times it is important to trust Christ!
Luk 12:27 Consider the lilies how they grow: they toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto you, that Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.

Thursday, April 16, 2009

Garden Map for 2009

Here is our current garden map for this year. It currently displays the seeds and sets that are planted beneath the soil. Right now we are still in the frost zone so I am not able to plant the transplants or late crops in the soil.

Also right now our camera needs new batteries so I am not able to display the new flowers that are appearing out of their winter dormancy. Near our apartment there are a couple daffodil plants that have fully bloomed. It is lovely to see signs of spring.

Thursday, April 9, 2009

Resources for learning about Gardening

If a person has some time on their hands, a Small Town Living is a great magazine to read. You may read the current issue online for free. Also Skippy's Vegetable Garden and In My Kitchen Garden are great blogs to read.

Today I plan to plant more transplants. I will plant late start transplants today which may include herbs and other plants that I may give an early start....such as watermelon.

Also I plan to plant more seeds in our garden and possibly plant the potatoes, onions and garlic.

Monday, April 6, 2009

Popsicle Stick puppets

Today I made some Popsicle stick puppets for my ds. I used scraps of fabric and string from around the home. Toddlers love to hold the puppets so make sure the cloth is glued on tightly.

The puppets displayed above are drying right now.....they are not quite ready to play with.

Laundry Day

Today is Laundry Day!

Above I have pictured a container that contains all of the supplies I typically use for laundry. I am using recycled materials to keep all the laundry supplies together.

In the top picture I sewed together a neat little bags for the fabric softener sheets and quarters for payment at the laundry mat or apartment machines. The fabric softener sheets are contained in a bag about the size of a pencil bag and the quarters are kept in a bag about the size of a tube of large toothpaste. The fabric used to make the bags was found at a local used goods store. I can't exactly remember if the fabric was found from an old garment or jacket of some sort......it is very durable fabric.

On a side note, I just read that fabric softener sheets can be made by taking an old wash cloth, soaking it in fabric softener, letting it dry and then adding to the dryer. I will have to give that a try and let you know the results. Or to prevent static.....add a ball of foil to the dryer.... Otherwise to save money on softener sheets only use 1/4-1/2 of a sheet per load and reuse the same sheet.... Or better yet, hang the clothes out to dry on a line and get crisp clean smell and extra bleached white clothing.

In the small container on the left, I have stored color safe bleach. Sometimes I use Tide color safe powdered formula, generic Oxyclean and other times I use a generic brand of liquid oxygen bleach. I usually add a small amount of this with any heavily soiled load of laundry or with whites.

In the large 24oz container, I have stored the homemade laundry detergent. The simple recipe of 1 shaved bar of soap(ivory works well), 1/2 cup borax and 1/2 cup washing Arm & Hammer Soda really does the trick in cleaning the clothes cheaply and effectively. Before using the detergent shake the container to mix the ingredients well. This recipe can also be converted into a liquid form if you have more storage space available. Also in the container I have placed a 1/2 cup measuring cup. 1/2 cup of homemade detergent is all it takes to do a full load of laundry.

In the small container on the right, I have stored the homemade fabric softener. The simple recipe consists of 1.5 cups of conditioner and 2.5 cups of vinegar which can be stored in a 24 oz container. A small amount of the mixture can be poured (about 1/8-1/4 cup) to the rinse cycle in a load of laundry.

All of the above fit neatly into a nice 1 gallon ice cream pail. When ever I need to do laundry away from home, I do not need to take excess detergent and equipment because it all fits so neatly into the pail. Not only do I take the ice cream pail but I also take along a spray bottle of stain remover (1 c. Dawn, 1 c. ammonia, 2 c. water). Making laundry supply from home saves you dollars and sense.

Saturday, April 4, 2009

Are Liberals really Christian?

Warning: The following content may offend the unbeliever and nonbible believer.

The answer is NO! We may find liberals in our churches, schools, hospitals and other places in the community but it is very clear that liberalism is commonly associated with nonsense and faulty thinking and moral in the bible.

How can we compare what Liberalism was in Jesus' day with today. Well for one thing, when we come across the word Sadducee in the word we can be assured that this group of people had a difficult time understanding scripture and the resurrection. They had all other sorts of knowledge but NEVER a full understanding of scripture. Their hearts were hardened to open up to the understanding of who Christ was and what his purpose was.....to die so that we may live eternally.

Furthermore, there is not a single location where a Sadducee is ever fully converted to the Christian faith even within the scriptures. For one thing they NEVER accepted that Christ actually rose from the dead! This is the foundation and very belief of we who are born again believers! In other words if we who are born again come across a person who does not believe nor accept the resurrection of Christ from the dead.......you can be rest assured that this person(s) is not a Christian but is a deceiver and shares beliefs just like the Sadducee (who was never converted in scripture!). It is next to impossible to count on this person as being saved.

However, although Pharisee's and other religious leaders are noted to have been the evil foxes that sniped and challenged Christ and fellow Christians.....it is noted in scripture that Pharisee's and religious leaders have been (and still are) converted to Christ. Not only that but rich men have also been noted to have been converted.

Here are a few scriptures to show on how this is true.

Mat 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto them, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Mat 16:1 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven.

Mat 16:6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

Mat 22:23 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him,

Mat 22:34 But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.

Mar 12:18 Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,

Luk 20:27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him,

Act 5:17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,

Act 23:6 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question.

Act 23:8 For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, neither angel, nor spirit: but the Pharisees confess both.

Mat 27:57 When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple:

In conclusion, if we see a church that is filled with liberalism and the pastor/preacher/priest of the church has a difficult time accepting the resurrection.....I would high tail it outa there! It would be very difficult to find a member of the congregation who fully accepts the resurrection and still continues to practice the religious rituals ordained and supplied by the Liberal(saducee) pastor/preacher. Furthermore, my husband and I live in a VERY liberal community. It is common to find snippy and irresponsible women pastors in liberal denominations around here. Jobs are hard to come by as many of the liberal Employers are VERY discriminatory despite the claims that they are not! Hense the reason my husband was let go of his previous job.

1Pe 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

Friday, April 3, 2009

We're Moving!

We are moving at the end of this month. I am thankful that we only live in a two bedroom apartment. I believe I will start packing this weekend. I plan to pack items that are not frequently used at this moment in time.

We will be moving into the upstairs of my husband's grandparents home. I will have to minimize the supplies and necessities to a very small amount while we are living there. We should not need kitchen supplies and such at the time. Moving really opens a person's eyes to see what items are truly needed to survive. We will have to store much of our furniture and other such items for a short time in a storage garage. The time spent in my husband's grandparent's home should only be a few months and then we will look elsewhere for a new place to live. During the time my husband plans to further his education. Basically, when my husband finds a new secure job we will be settling down.

I will continue to work on our garden and also hope to expand it. Because we will be short on cash during my husband's educational excursion, it will be essential that we have some food supply and possibly income from the local farmer's market. I also hope to be canning some of our food items as well.

Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock:
(Matthew 7:24)

Songs of Love and Hope